Oldest finds of ceramic on the Holy Mountain
Kelts show up within the Heidelberg Area, occupy and fortify the Holy Mountain
Ludwig III (the younger) presents two days before his death the Holy Mountain to the monastery in Lorsch
First mention of the monastery St. Michaels on the Holy Mountain (“Basilica… in monte nominatur abrahe mons in honore sancti michahelis”)
Dabobert I. (*603, † 639), king of the Franconians (629-639), was the real last foreign Merovingian
Tomb stone of the grave with the crest of the Welfen in Steingarden.
The half brother Conrad of Frederic I. Barbarossa received 1155 on the Imperial Day in Worms the status of a palatinate. Conrad died 1195. During his burial in 1196 a first mention of Heidelberg was recorded. The heritage was passed on through his daughter Agnes to his son in law Heinrich I. the elder.
At the beginning of the Hirschgasse, on the eastern side, once lay an estate from the Nunnery in Lobenfeld. The mentioning of a rural area called Lobenfeld confirms this. From a document dating back to 1261, it is evident that the former settlement of Dagersbach had an estate as well. In that year, court was held, in connection with a dispute. It ended, that the family of the Ingram, living in Wieblingen (now part of Heidelberg), relinquished upon the levy of the owners of this Wieblingen estate.
The village of Dagersbach also served as a way for the people from the Neckar valley, going on a pilgrimage on their way to the cloisters of the Holy Mountain.
Founding of the University Heidelberg through palatinate Ruprecht I.
On June 24th Heidelberg students mount the Holy Mountain to watch the comet Halley.
Johann von Soest, a singer, poet and doctor at the court of Philip the Earnest, was standing on the Old Bridge in deep contemplation when Frau Hechtin and her son Melcher passed by, accompanied by her daughter who was just eighteen. Dazzled by the beauty of the daughter, Johann instantly accepted the invitation from Melcher to “come and partake of beer and wine in our beautiful garden “Tarsbach”, which is just now coming into bloom.” On the same day the daughter agreed to his hand in marriage and he received the blessing of his future mother in law.
Christoph Columbus set foot on the 12.10.1492 onto the Bahama island of San Salvador and later to the coast of Middle America.
A time of flourishing growth ensues for Heidelberg and the Kurpfalz region. The castle id fortified and extended by Ludwig V after 1530.
The Heidelberg innkeeper and Lord Major Heinrich Eckart creates on the estate of the Hirschgasse a garden with a pavilion and a carp pond.
Beginning of the Thirty Years war
Abduction of the world famous Bibliotheca Palatina, as a booty through General Tilly to Pope Gregory XV in Rome.
The rapid restoration under Karl Ludwig was all to no avail however, as it was not before long before the town and castle were again left in ruins after sacking by Melacs troops of Ludwig XIV from France during the Palatinate Wars of Succession.
The French Revolution
In 1790, around the time of the beginning of the French revolution, Georg Ditteney acquired the premises in the Hirschgasse and built a large room designed to be a ballroom for the gregarious Heidelberg Citizens. This period also sheds more light on the history of the guest house. Russian soldiers temporarily quartering there plundered it and forced the landlord to give them lodgings.
The hanging of the robber gang “Wooden Lip” on 31.July 1812 on the market square of Heidelberg.
Members of this band of robbers with fearsome names such as “Wooden Lip” and “Black Peter” terrorized the area. Fearing revenge after denouncing one of their hiding place to the authorities, the landlord of the Hirschgasse could only feel safe at night with a loaded pistol by his side. This came in useful however, when he managed to shoot a would be burglar off the window sill.
The founding of the Heidelberg fraternity, sitting in the garden of the Hirschgasse
Mark twain visited the hirschgasse several times to watch the student duels. He was very impressed and mentioned the Hirschgasse in his book “A tramp abroad”.
Death of the last son and future heir Fritz Dietz, with only 32 years of age. Only a few months later, the broken hearted mother Elisabeth Dietz followed him. in the year 1895 the Hirschgasse is handed over from the remaining daughters to an intermediate innkeeper, and is sold eventually then in 1901 to the new owners family Zimmer.
The history of the Hirschgasse is published in Otto Petters Printing House of Heidelberg.
Premiere of the musical Student Prince from Siegfried Romberg on Broadway New York. With 608 performances it belongs to the most successful musicals in America. The story reminds one strongly on the love story of the Hirschgasse in the year 1472 – but our version had a happy end!
Laying of the foundation-stone on the “Thingstätte” on Holy Mountain. Spectacular Amphi-theatre for up to 20.000 visitors, built by the national socialists. After long years in oblivion, used now for cultural highlights like the three tenors and also favourite place for big Walpurgis-Night celebrations (cross quarter day may 1)
Opening of the Reichs Autobahn Heidelberg – Mannheim – Frankfurt by Adolf Hitler
The old duelling hall burns down. The fire brigade can not drive up the iced-up road to the Hirschgasse and has to drive over the Philosopher’s Walk. Only three years later, it will be built up again in a more modest way
The years of student’s protest and demonstration
The Kraft family buys the Hirschgasse, former building sins from pre-owners committed in the sixties will be now reversed. With a substantial investment, it will be turned to one of the leading country style hotels of Germany.
The last student duelling takes place in the dueling hall and ends with a huge big party.
The Hirschgasse is handed down to the next generation by his mother Anni Kraft.
Ernest Kraft and his wife Allison lead the Hirschgasse now together into the next Millennium. Seen on picture with Stella, Emil, Harry, Emma and terrier Pepper.